Tray Efficiency and Tower Height

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In condensate stabilizers, trays generally have 70% equilibrium stage efficiency. That is, 1.4 actual trays are required to provide one theoretical stage. The spacing between trays is a function of the spray height and the downcomer backup (the height of clear liquid established in the downcorner). The tray spacing will typically range from 20 to 30 in. (with 24 in. being the most common), depending on the specific design and the internal vapor and liquid traffic. The tray spacing may increase at higher operating pressures (greater than 165 psia) because of the difficulty in disengaging vapor from liquid on both the active areas and in the downcomers.

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