Category Archives for Pressure Drop in Piping

Moody Friction Factor

The factor of proportionality in the previous equations is called the  Moody friction factor and is determined from the Moody resistance diagram shown in Figure 8-1. The friction factor is sometimes expressed in terms of the Fanning friction factor, which … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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Darcy’s Equation

This equation, which is also sometimes called the Weisbach equation or the Darcy-Weisbach equation, states that the friction head loss between two points in a completely filled, circular cross section pipe is proportional to the velocity head and the length … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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Bernoulli’s Theorem

It is customary to express the energy contained in a fluid in terms of the potential energy contained in an equivalent height or “head” of a column of the fluid. Using this convention, Bernoulli’s theorem breaks down the total energy … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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Flow Regimes

Flow regimes describe the nature of fluid flow. There are two basic flow regimes for flow of a single-phase fluid: laminar flow and turbulent flow. Laminar flow is characterized by little mixing of the flowing fluid and a parabolic velocity … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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Reynolds Number Piping

The Reynolds number is a dimensionless parameter that relates the ratio of inertial forces to viscous forces. It can be expressed by the following general equation: The Reynolds number can be expressed in more convenient terms. For liquids, the equation … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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Pressure Drop In Piping

Piping design in production facilities involves the selection of a pipe diameter and a wall thickness that is capable of transporting fluid from one piece of process equipment to another, within the allowable pressure drop and pressure rating restraints imposed … Continue reading

25. September 2009 by and
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