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Defoaming Plates Separator

Foam at the interface may occur when gas bubbles are liberated from the liquid. This foam can be stabilized with the addition of chemicals at the inlet. Many times a more effective solution is to force the foam to pass … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Wave Breakers

In long horizontal vessels it is necessary to install wave breakers, which are nothing more than vertical baffles spanning the gas-liquid interface and perpendicular to the flow.

17. August 2009 by and
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Separator Inlet Diverters

There are many types of inlet diverters. Two main types are baffle plates (shown in Figure 4-6) and centrifugal diverters (shown in Figure 4-7). A baffle plate can be a spherical dish, flat plate, angle iron, cone, or just about … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Scrubbers Separator

A scrubber is a two-phase separator that is designed to recover liquids carried over from the gas outlets of production separators or to catch liquids condensed due to cooling or pressure drops. Liquid loading in a scrubber is much lower … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Double Barrel and Filter Separator

Cyclone separators are designed to operate by centrifugal force. These designs are best suited for fairly clean gas streams. The swirling action of the gas stream as it enters the scrubber separates the droplets and dust from the gas stream … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Spherical Two Phase Separator Basic Design

A typical spherical separator is shown in Figure 4-3. The same four sections can be found in this vessel. Spherical separators are a special case of a vertical separator where there is no cylindrical shell between the two heads. They … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Vertical Two Phase Separator Basic Design

Figure 4-2 is a schematic of a vertical separator. In this configuration the inlet flow enters the vessel through the side. As in the horizontal separator, the inlet diverter does the initial gross separation. The liquid flows down to the … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Horizontal Two Phase Separator Basic Design

Separators are designed in either horizontal, vertical, or spherical configurations. Figure 4-1 is a schematic of a horizontal separator. The initial gross separation of liquid and vapor occurs at the inlet diverter.  The fluid enters the separator and hits an … Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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Two Phase Oil and Gas Separation

Produced wellhead fluids are complex mixtures of different compounds of hydrogen and carbon, all with different densities, vapor pressures, and other physical characteristics. As a well stream flows from the hot, high-pressure petroleum reservoir, it experiences pressure and temperature reductions. Gases evolve from the liquids and the well streamchanges in character. Continue reading

17. August 2009 by and
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